Lamar County Kin
By: Barbara Woolbright Carruth
Appeared in The Lamar Leader August 11, 1999
I am a christian and I believe all things work for the good of them that love the Lord and that everything we do has a reason and purpose. It is amazing to me how this works in our lives daily. Last friday morning, I had an appointment with Noah Lee, a Mennonite, who practices foot reflexology in his home near Aberdeen, MS. I arrrived at his home for my 8:30 a.m. appointment only to discover that I was two weeks early! Okay, here I am in Aberdeen, with an hour to spare before my next appointment. Floree King, who lives in the Care Center in Vernon, AL, had asked me to find out how Greenwood Springs, MS got its name, so I decided I would stop by the Evans Memorial Library and check out Greenwood Springs. I found a lot of information on the subject and met some mighty nice folks there at the library, which was an extra benefit of the trip. One of the articles, I found was written by an aunt of mine, Mary Lou Kinard King, and appeared in the The Amory Advertiser on Sunday April 11, 1976. I enjoyed this article so much and it answered many of my questions. Aunt Mary Lou King, who lives in the nursing home in Amory Ms and will be 93 on August 12, 1999, wrote this article years ago, and today, it gave me my answer. This proves how important it is to preserve our history. Now in 1976, when she wrote this article, I wasnt interested! But times and people change and now I am very interested and would have driven miles and miles to get this article
Greenwood Springs Once
Riviera of the South
Written in 1976, this article appeared in the Amory Advertiser and the Monroe County History Book.
BY MRS. CLYDE KING
One fall evening just 200 years ago, a band of hard faced Chickasaw Indians, running along a ridge trail, were tiring after a long day's journey. Realizing it would soon be dark and there would be no moon, they must make camp soon. They were nearing a narrow valley, peering down into the dark foliage of huge oaks and beech trees, they would be certain to find water here and the trees would provide shelter for the night. Having made their way down into the valley, sure enough there was a spring gushing from the earth. They ate their jerky, washing it down with the cool, mineral water, then prepared for the night.
For some years after 1815, the Indians who lived north of the Trace and west of the River, took their sick to these springs to be cured of any sickness.
In 1816, John Wise was ordered out of these Chickasaw lands and directed by Levi Colbert to move to the hills of the Southeast. However, he returned the following year and began a settlement just two miles southwest of the present Greenwood Springs. He soon became the largest land and slave owner around.
By this time in history, Napoleon had been exiled to the barren island of Saint Helena, off the west coast of Africa and was dying of cancer. James Monroe was president of the United States, George. Poindexter had just been elected governor of Mississippi and the boundary lines of Monroe County had not yet been defined. This same year, 1820, Thomas Greenwood, a native of Virginia, moved to Alabama. The next year, 1821, he moved to a place near Quincy. Being a trader, he became friendly with the Indians, who told him about the curative springs just a few miles to the east. Mr. Greenwood was a planter, merchant and slave owner.
He bought the property around the springs and used it as a vacation spot for his family. He allowed anyone to build a cabin on this property to live and to drink the curative waters. He intended, upon his death, to leave this Mecca ,to the public, to be used, free of charge, by all those desiring to drink these waters, however, he died before taking these legal steps and his wife and children inherited the property.
Soon the property was acquired by a Mr. Miller and in Aug. 1850, it was purchased by a company owned by Bill Terre!l, then it passed on to Austin Pollard and J. M. Sandier.
In 1835, the Indians were driven from their homes to the west, throwing open this rich, bottom land to settlers. Hearing about these lands being up for sale, settlers came from Georgia and South Carolina and other states, to make their homes. Among those buying !and were three brothers, Tom, Dave and Robert Crenshaw. In October, 1840, they rode horse back from Newberry, S. C. and purchased a large tract of land along Sipsey River. The next spring, they with their families, slaves and cattle came by wagon train and built homes and cleared land here. Within a few years, Easters, Edges, Woods, Deans and Thomases came here to settle. This area became known as the Crewshaw-Wood Settlement.
Among those seeking a new home were Henry Tyrone, of Tyrone, Pa., and his bride, Elizabeth Walpole, of South Carolina. It was near their property that the first school in this area was established. It was located on the "Wire Road" and known as Concord. Elizabeth died in 1862 and was buried in the Crenshaw Cemetery. The first marked grave in this cemetery is that of Siceley S. Crenshaw, 1854.
The home of Benjamin Lann, near Splunge was the voting place for all residents in this area and if'they had access to a newspaper, it would probably have been The Jackson Clarion-Ledger.
Then came the Civil War and many of the young men left their families to fight for a cause they thought to be right. Their families suffered many hardships while they were away. My great grandfather once wrote to his wife saying, "Jane, buy one or two bushel of salt, if you have the opportunity.'' He, Robert Crenshaw, lost his life at Vicksburg in 1863. Another casualty of the war, from this community, was Hiram Edge.
After the war, several new families bought land and moved into the settlement. Among them was William Bryant Todd. He came from Georgia and married Margaret Caroline Edge of this Community.
This notice appeared in the Aberdeen Examiner, July 8, 1859--"Mrs. Sarah A. Crenshaw takes pleasure in informing the public that the boarding house will be open for the reception of boarders, July 10, 1859. Rates are $30 per month, $9 per week, $1.50 per day. Horses $1 per day, children under 10 and servants one-half price."
Aberdeen Examiner, Aug. 9, 1876--"The water from the springs are great for the following diseases: piles, chronic diarrhea, dyspepsia, scofula, female diseases of all kinds and kidney diseases. Room and lodging $1 a day per person." Mrs. D. Crenshaw and Company.
Aug. 9, 1878--"The springs are still owned by Mrs. D. Crenshaw and Miss Ellen Creushaw as proprietors, Dave Crenshaw, Manager."
Aberdeen Examiner, July 22, 1885--"Vacationers at Greenwood Springs this week were R. L. and Lee Ransom, G. W. Sherman, S. H. Watkins, B. B. Sale and B. Y. Watkings."
Aberdeen Examiner, July, 1898--"Mr. Robert Maynard was among the campers at Greenwood Springs. Mrs. E. P. Thompson and her niece anticipate a visit there. Col. Henry Easter tells us there are now over 100 guests at the springs and Dr. Broyles is sparing neither time nor money to show guests a marvelous .time. There are no health giving springs in the state that cancompare to Greenwood Springs."
In the early 1900's, a new school was built on the north-south road that ran through the community. The community had grown in population and a larger building was needed to accommodate. the students.
With the coming of the R. R. the center of the community shifted to near the Railroad .depot and the village became officially known as Greenwood Springs in honor of its first settler. Dan Crenshaw, a planter and D. Bowen, a sawmill' owner, built nice homes nearby. The Postoffice was in Dr. Broyles' General Store and he was postmaster. Dan Crenshaw also built a Gen. Mdse. Store. Some enterprising resident built a cotton gin and E. F. Hendrix had a large sawmill in the area.
The hotel was located in a hidden valley, two miles n.w. of the railroad. It consisted of fifty guest rooms, a large dining room and two long halls, running lengthwise and crosswise through it. Where these two halls came together there was a very large space and the office was located there. The dining room was just off this large area. This was often used for gatherings, dances, etc. There were also five cabins scattered over the hillsides. They were usually filled with vacationers.
On September 16, 1913, Dr. Broyles took his ax and cut the dam. As Broyles, ax in hand, came to the bridge across the branch, he came face to face with Hendrix. A few heated words took place; suddenly Hendrix drew his pistol and shot Broyles. Broyles, in the throes of death, lifted his ax and came down on Hendrix's head with it. They fell across each other dead.
Mr. Cantrell lived at the 'hotel. It was while he lived there that it caught fire and burned to the ground. He built a new building, similar in size and structure to the old one, on the same site. This hotel did not possess the grace and charm of the Broyles hotel. Many of the beautiful trees were burned and died. After Mr. Cantrell's death it was purchased by Mr. H. M. Blair in 1929. He and his family made their home in the building ,and did much to improve the grounds and accommodations. lie advertised rooms and meals for $2 per day and rent of cabins cheap. The main attraction now was hunting and fishing. Wild game abounded in the surrounding woods and the resort owned a large lake well stocked with fish. These were the depression years and people had very little money to spend for recreation, too, highways and automobiles caused people to spend their money in more glamorous places.
Businesses began to falter. Both Northington and Kinard went out of business. Pickles' store burned and the Brannon-Todd store was the only one left in business. Mrs. Pauline Huff had been appointed postmistress. She built a new home and moved the P. O. into one of the rooms built for that purpose.
In 1933, the highway began cutting right-of-way for a section of Hwy. 278, to extend from what is now Prothro's store to Gattman. This project gave work to many people of the community. The west section of the road was not completed into Amory until 1940.
Soon after this, we were plunged into World War II. The schoool burned and was replaced by a larger, new one. Many young men were drafted or volunteered for the service. Among these were Erie Riggan, the post master. Mrs. Louise Faulkner acted as temporary postmistress until Mr. Riggan returned.
Mr. Northington had built a large two-story building to be used as a store and a rooming
Now back to the resort property, A church group purchased it from Mr. Blair It then became known as "Camp Christian." The camp was used for the Christian training of both children and adults. The open-air pavillion was used for open-air discussions, games, etc. "Lake Kimmel was used for fishing, boating and swimming. The property again changed hands. The buildings were all torn down and moved away to be used in utility farm buildings.
To paraphrase a great American, "Old resorts never die, they just fade away."
It was during the 60's that we watched on TV, the assassination of a president and men walk on the moon. Some of the young men were in Vietnam, fighting in a very unpopular and gruesome war.
AND THAT'S THE WAY IT WAS, BUT...
Today, in our bicentennial year, with Watergate in the past, the mineral water still bubbles from the earth, the birds still sing and the squirrels continue to play, but this once famous resort spring is no longer a paradise for the weary and thirsty. A large chain is locked across the driveway. It has been purchased by people who have built a two-story lodge on the site of the hotels that were enjoyed by so many.
The dirt road that meandered through the community has been replaced by a hard surfaced road. Beautiful brick homes now dot the countryside.
The pastures, where the cattle once grazed have been plowed under. The cotton and corn fields are planted in soy beans and are plowed with huge tractors and harvested with combines. Most of the timber has been cut into lumber or for pulp wood. '
All of the businesses have long since gone from "The Crossing" as it was fondly called. "The 'Orange Blossom Special" and the "Kansas City Chief" no longer speed through. the hills and across the bottom. As the whistles of these trains reverberated through the countryside, we all knew it was either 12:05 or 3:15 P.M. The odd numbered trains ran east and the even numbered ones ran west. Today, the only trains that run through here are long, long freight trains, pulled by diesel engines. Only two structures remain at this once flourishing place.
The center of activity has once again shifted. This time to Hwy. 278. Sitting on a knoll, in view of the highway is a modern school plant. The school now teaches through the eighth grade. We lost our highschool to Hatley in 1957 but the people of this area are trying very hard to get a high school again.
Our high school graduated a high percentage of boys and girls who succeeded in business, industry, in the services, agriculture and the professions. At present the school employs ten full time teachers and specialists with a regular attendance of 175 and growing.
Recently, two classrooms and a large room to be used as a shop have been added. The shop will be equipped just as soon as the money is available. They have music education once a week for all students, basketball for both boys and girls. Football has been added this year and a football field is now under construction. There is a gym and a teachers' home, used by the school principal. These three buildings make up the school plant. On or near the southwest corner of the school campus is a sizeable community center. Most community gatherings, such as dinners, reunions, club meetings, etc. are held here as well as it serves as the polling place for voters of this area.
To the east of the store is a modern health center and next to it is Mize's Flower Shop. Just north of the highway and west of the paved road is a new, modern red brick Baptist Church.
One mile north of Hwy. 278, on the paved community road is the United Methodist Church. It was built in 1927. It only has a small membership. Many members have moved away or are deceased. Plans are underway to make extensive repairs on the building, with the coming of spring.
Until 1927, church services were held in the frame school building, which stood just south of the present church. When services were moved from Quincy Chapel the church became know as the GreenWood Springs Methodist Church.
For many years, the parsonage for this charge of five churches, was in this community but in recent years a modern brick parsonage was built at Gattman.
In 1975, our community became a part of the Quincy Water Assn. We now enjoy plenty of good water.
The Crenshaw Cemetery had to be enlarged and a storm fence was placed around the addition. Thanks to G. D. Bird, a large, new sign for the cemetery was placed on the paved road. At the present time, a survey is being made by airplanes to map the Sipsey River bottom in conjunction with the Tennessee Tombigbee Waterway.
Mary Lou Kinard and Thomas Clyde King were married Jan 6, 1929, when the bride was employed by the W. P. Brown & Sons Lumber Company in Guin, AL and the groom was the young owner and operator of a sawmill.
Mrs. King is a graduate of Alverson-Draughan Business College in Birminghma and has BS and ME Degrees from Mississippi State University. The Kings lived at their home, a 300 acre farm in Greenwood Springs, MS from 1932, with the exception of the years 1938 through 1945 when they lived in Georgia and later in North Carolina, until Mr. Kings death on December 22, 1981. He is buried in the Crenshaw Cemetery in Monroe County, MS. While living in North Carolina, Mrs. King volunteered as an aircraft observer and received from the Army Air Force's First Flight Command a certificate of commendation and a medal for 500 hours of volunteer service. Mrs. King served as principal of the Sipsey Fork, Gattman and Grubb Springs Schools. She taught Business Education at Greenwood Springs High School, then went to Hamilton High School where she taught for 15 years. After Mr. Kings death, Aunt Mary Lou lived alone until several years ago and she had to leave her home. Today her grandson, Michael King and his wife Danielle live at the Kings homeplace. I want to wish Aunt Mary Lou a Happy "93" Birthday and tell her that I love her! So you see, if I had not been two weeks early for my appointment with Mr. Lee, I would probably not have driven to the library in Aberdeen to research until later in the fall, but since Aunt Mary Lou is celebrating her birthday this week, it is so fitting to reprint this article. Who said "all things work together for.....!"
Queries for the week:
Dear Mrs. Barbara,
My name is L. E. "Red" Anthony and I have just found your wonderful web site! I was raised in Gibson County, TN, live in Arkansas now, but my family roots go back to Lamar and other counties in Alabama. My Uncle, James Pleasant Anthony and my dad Henry Virgil Anthony left the Alabama-Mississippi. area around 1919. Two of my dad's older sisters married Parks men from the same area. My grandparents, John Carroll Anthony & Emmaline White married in Lamar County, part of the kids were born there and some around Greenwood Springs, Ms. . They were in Lamar Co. in the 1900 census, living in precint 10, Military Springs. I haven't been able to find where that was. Any information will be appreciated.
I enjoyed your web page very much. I am researching most of the families that you mention. I have run into a brick wall that so many genealogist run into in my research of the White family of the Pine Springs Community. I was born on the hill behind Alfred Turmans home in a log cabin, long since gone.
My father was Lee Bazzle White. My grandfather was Joseph Robert "Bob" White. He was a brother of Alfred Winchester White. I am stuck on the wife of Bob White, Gennette Coleman and her family. I have been told that she came to the Pine Springs area to live with her sister Sallie, who married a Palmer. Also looking for information on Nancy Catherine wife of Pleasant White. I have been told that she was a Loggins, a Bailey and an Allen. Does anyone know for sure?
If you can shed some light, please let me know.
101-C North Greenville Avenue
Allen, TX 75002
If have any information on the above queries contact me at 205 698 9427; P. O. Box 579, Sulligent, AL 35586 or email coco @ fayette.net. Suggestions for this column are welcome. Thanks for your encouragement, your comments, and information that you have given me.
Check Lamar County Kin websitehtttp://www.fayette.net/carruth/lamar.html or MS Bs Place http://www.fayette.net/carruth/
Helpful Hint: To quickly use that frozen jucie concentrate, simply mash it with a potato masher. No need to wait for it to thaw.
See you next week!